As I wrote last week, we are moving away from the term foreclosure for the loss of a house. Our current Administration wants fewer foreclosures. Sounds good. So here’s how they’ll accomplish that: they’ll call them something else—now they will be short sales or deeds in lieu of foreclosure—thankfully this much more “correct” way of explaining how a house was lost is likely to be available through HAFA.
I can’t guarantee that HAFA (the Home Affordable Foreclosure Alternatives program) will work for you or even someone you know, but it is designed to help folks who have been trying in good faith to work out a mortgage issue with their bank. It’s a program intended to make short sales easier and more streamlined for homeowners (who did not qualify for a loan modification).
Unfortunately when the government gets involved, things tend to get complicated. But recently thanks to HAFA, some larger banks have begun to “work” with their clients and this may now pave the way for more short sales (or deeds in lieu of foreclosure) to get more homes sold in 2011
There is a bonus for all players. The banks can absorb up to $20,000 in deficiencies, meaning you can sell your $120,000 home for $100,000 and not have a penalty. Really, that’s about what it costs a bank to handle a foreclosure, but if it results in a successful short sale, it’s a win/win situation. And, the bank will offer up to $3,000 as a relocation fee if you find a buyer and make the sale, this is really a bribe to close the home without involving the bank—and eliminating the potential for a long list of repairs that the bank might normally have to make.
To be considered for HAFA, the property currently must be (or have recently been) the borrower's principal residence. A property qualifies that has been vacant or rented to a non-borrower for less than 12 months prior to the date of the Short Sale Agreement (SSA). The borrower must prove that the property was their principal residence prior to relocation and such borrower has not purchased a one to four-unit property during the 12-month period prior to the date of the SSA.
The borrower's reason for relocation does not need to be connected to re-employment or transfer of employment. Also, there is no longer a minimum distance requirement.
The program is designed help homeowners who couldn't or didn't get a Loan Modification and are now unable to keep their home. A borrower may be able to avoid a foreclosure by completing a short sale or a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure under HAFA.
Who is eligible?
The borrower must meet the basic eligibility criteria for HAMP:
Principal residence. (You now or recently lived in the house)
You got your mortgage before 2009.
A delinquency or default is reasonably foreseeable. (You have a hardship)
Unpaid principal balance no more than $729,750 (higher limits for 2 to 4 unit dwellings).
Benefits of a HAFA Short Sale:
You are allowed to sell your home for less than you owe on the mortgage!
You avoid foreclosure and its effect on your credit!
Requires borrowers to be fully released from future liability for the first mortgage debt (no cash contribution, promissory note, or deficiency judgment is allowed
No obligation to repay the deficiency!
Qualify for a new loan in as little as 2 years!
Receive up to $3,000 for relocation expenses!
Allows borrowers to receive pre-approved short sales terms before listing the property (including the minimum acceptable net proceeds).
If you think HAFA might work for you or a friend, check out the government website that will give all the information and nuances as they will apply to a specific transaction. http://homeownership.org/foreclosure-help/mortgage-relief-programs/hafa-program.aspx